balancing the impacts on nature


  • WetlandDelineation/Determination, Permits, Functional Assessment and Impact Mitigation
  • Lake, Pond and Watershed Management
  • NEPA Environmental Assessments
  • Floristic Surveys
  • Qualitative biological surveys of Rivers and Streams
  • Endangered and Threatened Species Investigations
  • Park and Interpretive Program Development Assistance
  • Environmental Education

Wetland delineation/determination and permits in accordance with Section 404 of the Clean Water Act, Section 10 of the Rivers and Harbors Act, and the Goemaere-Anderson Wetland Protection Act of Michigan, (P. A. 209 of 1979). These laws require the use of a multi-parameter approach which includes the presence of hydric soils, hydrophytic vegetation and hydrology, along with their respective indicators. A report is then prepared which characterizes the general site conditions, defines the quality and quantity of wetland on-site, presents the results of the field investigation on standard data forms, and includes a map of the wetland boundary. 

Wetland impact mitigation, analysis and functional assessment. Impact analysis entails balancing the quantity and quality of wetland habitat affected by altering the site plan, location or alignment of proposed projects. This work also entails the use of specific design elements or construction practices to reduce impacts, based on site-specific conditions. Functional assessment is integrated into this process using the Wetland Evaluation Technique (WET 2.1) modelling program for determining the functions and values of impacted wetland habitat for in-kind replacement

Lake, pond and watershed management which takes into account soils, topography, geology, land use, watershed development, hydrologic inputs, point and non-point source nutrient (phosphorus) loading, lake trophic slate, aquatic plant and algae populations, and identifying feasible best management practices.

Environmental assessments pursuant to the National Environmental Policy Act. These projects take into account purpose and need for the proposed action, alternatives, affected environment, environmental consequences, public coordination and impact mitigation measures. They also include coordination with resource agencies as well as various levels of federal, state and local government.

Floristic surveys which inventory a project area or corridor to determine habitat types, identify endangered and threatened species, and define relative diversity.

Qualitative biological surveys of rivers and streams in accordance with the MDNR Procedure #51 and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Rapid Biological Assessment Methodology. Included in these surveys is evaluation of the fish and macroinvertebrate community, along with analysis of habitat and water quality.
Endangered, threatened and special concern species investigations which are coordinated with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and/or the Michigan Department of Natural Resources - Natural Features Inventory. These investigations take into consideration the federal or state status of a given species. They identify whether listed species are present or have the potential of occuring in a project area, based on the habitat needed for their life cycle

Park and Interpretive Program Development with assistance from landscape architects and planners. This entails an inventory of the natural and social environment, recommendation of trail systems, development of the interpretive concept and story, identifying interpretive resources and defining support facilities needed. Environmental Education classes in aquatic and terrestrial ecology in association with school districts and community education programs.

Environmental Education classes in aquatic and terrestrial ecology in association with school districts and community education programs.